Soil and territory

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The “Naples’ Metro Area Anthropogenic Sinkholes”  Database
The territory of Naples and neighboring municipalities experiences constantly-recurring anthropogenic sinkholes. Even if they are relatively small in dimension, sinkholes are often cause of serious damage and casualties. The occurrence of the anthropogenic sinkholes is due to predisposing and triggering factors including: i) the network of underground cavities; ii) the rainfall infiltration into the subsoil and disruptions of the sewage system; iii) the vibrations induced by earthquakes, heavy vehicular traffic or by maintenance works. The Naples’ Metro Area Anthropogenic Sinkholes Database makes available to specialists and stakeholders the results of a research program performed by ISPRA in partnership with the Territorial Informative System Service of Naples’ Metro Area, aimed to zoning the territory in terms of sinkhole susceptibility. In the database they are collected and organized information about the sinkholes censed, the outcropping geological formations, the stratigraphic logs, the groundwater flow, the network of underground cavities and the main underground utilities.

National Archive of substratum investigations (L.464/84)
Law of August 4, 1984 n. 464 establishes the obligation to notify (Art. 1) the Geological Survey of Italy - Department of Soil (ISPRA) all the information relating to national studies or surveys in the substratum made for hydrological research and for civil engineering works. Such information address in particular the investigations by means of excavation, drilling and geophysical surveys driven to depths greater than 30 meters from ground level and, in the case of tunnels, more than 200 meters in length. Data correspond to the information declared in communications without any additions or interpretations during the digitalization.

National database of Sinkhole
The National Database of sinkholes was created in order make available on the web the data collected by ISPRA within the "Project Sinkhole", launched in 2002 as a first attempt to survey the natural phenomena of subsidence, in plain areas, at a national scale. The data contained in the database of the National Sinkhole are related to the census of plains areas of the country, gathered through literature researches and surveys on the territory. These data, not yet final, are also continuously updated and integrated.

Geophysical Database
The Geophysical Service of the Geological Survey of Italy - ISPRA  is been engaged for years in activities of prospecting, processing and in the interpretation of geophysical data at different scales. The geophysical database collects and organizes the data collected by ISPRA or through the national geological mapping program CARG at 1: 50.000 and 1: 250.000 scale or received by the Law 464/84 or other Research Institutes, using geophysical methods such as gravimetry, magnetometry, seismicc, multibeam, sidescansonar, geoelectric, ground penetrating radar, microtremor, geodesy, topography. A WMS service ( is available that allows viewing on your GIS the available  data/metadata.

Geosites Database
The geodatabase Geosites contains information about the sites of geological interest (geosites) collected in the National Census of Geosites ISPRA. Information, since 2002, had been inventoried in a structured container for their digital management: the Geosites database, whose current geodatabase represents the evolution. The geographical research allows to find the geosites on the map and access the related information. You can also access the map through a text search. It is also possible to forward information about new geosites by filling up and sending a pdf pdf interactive card.

Good practices to combat desertification

The CARG project (Geological Mapping), which originated in the late 80s, aims to the realization of the geological and geothematic mapping at 1:50,000 scale, following a survey carried out at 1:25,000 scale and, in some cases, even at greater detail, in collaboration with Regions, Autonomous Provinces, Universities, the CNR (Consiglio Nazionale per le Ricerche - National Research Institute) and other research institutions. It is associated with a high information database, which
also provides, when necessary, geological and geothematic maps at a larger scale. In particular, the database is currently composed of 14 informative layers referred to several geological features, recently
integrated with new layers related to marine geology.

Lithological map
The lithological map at a scale of 1:100,000 is a project of the Geological Survey of Italy aiming at the realization of a uniform map representing the entire territory in greater detail with respect to the xisting databases at the scale of 1:500,000 and 1:1,000,000,
also considering that CARG project is still in progress. The database contains the classification by lithotypes together with a set of attributes still under validation process: rocks genesis, environment of rock formation, structure of formations, rock structure and texture. Close to the official release, at the moment this product is subject to continual additions and changes.

EEE Catalogue - Catalogue of geological effects of earthquakes
The catalog contains data relating to the characteristics, size and geographical distribution of the geological effects induced by modern, historical and paleo earthquakes in a standard and uniform format. The
information is collected at three levels of increasing detail (Earthquake, Locality and Site). The database also allows to store photographic documentation, videos, maps and stratigraphic log. The implementation of this database was promoted globally by INQUA through a working group coordinated by ISPRA, Geological Survey of Italy. The EEE Catalogue is a very useful tool for the assessment of the seismic hazard of an area, allowing to visualize the distribution of the geological effects
induced by earthquakes of the past and to identify areas where human settlements and infrastructure are more exposed to this source of danger.

Geoviewer ISPRA:

  • CORINE Land Cover
  • Map of soil sealing
  • Land consumption - national monitoring network
  • Land consumption - urban areas monitoring networks
  • Zone altimetry
  • Digital model of elevation
  • Physiographic units
  • Hydrogeological complex

The IFFI Project (Inventory of landslides in Italy), realized by ISPRA and the Regions and Autonomous Provinces, has recorded 485,000 landslides affecting an area of 20,721 km2, equivalent to 6.9% of the national territory. The database of the IFFI project consists of three levels of information, broken down according to the detail of the available information. An extensive documentation is available in the web application for the consultation of the entire database. This
application was realized to create a dedicated consultation tool. It is also available a web application for the consultation of the database
integrated in the geographical portal.

Provisional inventory pursuant to art. 20 of Legislative Decree no. 117/08
List of closed or abandoned facilities for extraction waste storage which have serious negative environmental impacts or which, in the short to medium term, may pose a serious threat to human health or to the environment.

The project ITHACA (ITaly HAzard from CApable faults) provides a database for the collection and easy consultation of the all available information about the active tectonic structures in Italy, with particular attention to the tectonic processes that may generate natural hazards. The project focuses in particular on capable faults, defined as faults that can potentially create a deformation on the surface. The database of capable faults is an essential tool for: a) environmental and seismic hazard analysis, b) understanding the recent evolution of the landscape, c) territory planning d) Civil Protection emergency management. It can also be a support to the scientific research in the analysis of geodynamic processes. The database is constantly updated. More information can be found by consulting the web pages dedicated to the project.

One Geology
OneGeology Global is the project-symbol of the International Year of Planet Earth (2007-2009). This initiative aims to make available spatial geological information to a large community involving more than 100
countries. It was launched in March 2007 with the establishment of a framework agreement consisting of 10 points. In order to make accessible the geological information, it was created a website through which access the geological maps of the world in a simple way. Databases made available for such projects are those resulting from the geological map of Italy at 1:500,000 scale and the new Geological Map of Italy at 1:1,000,000 scale. These databases have been revised and
implemented to make easier the process of transition to the GeoSciML geological standard modeldeveloped by the working group on interoperability of IUGC-CGI.

Project "Landslides in Rome"
On the new website of the project Landslides in Rome are published information regarding the landslides surveyed by the Geological Survey of Italy in the territory of Rome capital, deepening and harmonizing the main historical sources (IFFI, AVI, PAI) and integrating them with literature searches and sometimes inspections. It is possible to search through an alpha-numeric mode by municipal hall (2013 subdivisions) and by location and also through a mapping mode ("GeoViewer"). For each of the sites currently in the database there is a monograph scheda reporting the related information, including descriptions of any re-activations, photos taken on the occasion of visits or extracted from original sources. The database is constantly updated.

The main objective of RENDIS is the creation of a unified framework, constantly updated, of the works and resources involved in the field of soil, shared between all the authorities involved in the planning and
implementation of interventions. In the database of RENDIS are currently included data and information on all the activities funded by the Ministry of the Environment, since 1999 to date. In particular, there are reported the most relevant features and failures of the works, the state of implementation of the interventions, the references of the main administrative acts.

Deep drillings
The archive contains the data of the activity of exploration and production of hydrocarbons in Italy, stored by the UNMIG since 1957, which can be made public after one year from the ending of the license of the mining company involved. The material collected and processed by the Geological Survey of Italy consists of composite log of the surveys which can be accessed by the public. The material has been made available in raster format (JPG, TIF, BMP, PDF, etc..).