Giuseppe Meneghini

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Giuseppe Meneghini (1811-1889)

Giuseppe Meneghini (1811-1889)

1811
He was born in Padova.


1834
He graduated in medicine at the University of Padova.


1835
He became Assistant to the chair of Botany.


1839
He became full Professor of Preparatory Sciences – Physics, Chemistry and Botany – for surgeons.


1848
For political reasons related to the uprising, he was expelled as lecturer of the University of Padova.


1849
He transferred to Pisa, where a Grand-Ducal decree appointed him as Professor of Mineralogy and Geology as well as Director of the University’s Museum, in replacement of Leopoldo Pilla who fell on the battle field of Curtatone.
He was the Founder of the Scuola Geologica di Pisa.


1851
He was given the chair of Physical Geography.


1859 and 1863
His appointments were confirmed first with a Decree of the Government  of Tuscany, then by the King of Italy with a Royal Decree.


1866
He became member of the Royal Mine Council.


1867
He became member of the Royal Geological Committee of Italy.


1870
He was appointed Director of the R. Museo di Storia Naturale of Pisa.


1874
He was given the chair of Geology at the University of Pisa.


1879
He became the President of the Geological Committee of Italy.


1886
He was designated senator of the Kingdom of Italy.


1889
He died in Pisa.
He was for several times the Chancellor of the University of Pisa and member of the Governing Council of Public Education. He wrote many publications and monographs. Until 1847 his studies were related physiology, medicine and, above all, botany (algology). He then passed to geology. His previous studies are still considered a precious preface to paleontology. He was full member, honorary member and correspondent of more than 80 national and international scientific academies, institutes, societies and associations. He received honorary titles such as: Gran Ufficiale della Corona d’Italia, Consigliere dell’Ordine del Merito Civile di Savoia, Consigliere del R. Ordine di Prussia per scienze e arti.